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Version: 2022

SQL coding guidelines

The purpose of these guidelines is to provide Thinkwise Platform developer with best practices for programming control procedure templates in T-SQL.

General

  1. Use a domain with domain elements if you need to program on values.
  2. Avoid the use of the distinct keyword.
  3. Avoid the use of union without all.
  4. Use local static read_only forward_only cursors.
  5. Use begin and end in IF and WHILE statements.
  6. Use tsf_send_message to send messages instead of raiserror.
  7. Only use apply when joining a table valued function or a subquery.
  8. Make sure every task and procedure containing a begin tran has corresponding rollback tran and commit tran statements.

Triggers

  1. Avoid using triggers for complex data mutations. Do use triggers for checking functional integrity of data.
  2. Every statement should make use of the inserted or deleted table.
  3. Avoid the use of cursors.
  4. Avoid the use of explicit transactions (begin tran).
  5. Avoid the use of variables.
  6. Avoid the use of temporary tables.
  7. Don't update the inserted or deleted tables.

Defaults

  1. Templates should contain an IF statement.
  2. Don't reset input parameter values.
  3. Avoid the use of cursors.
  4. Avoid the use of explicit transactions (begin tran).
  5. Don't do inserts, updates or deletes on tables.
  6. Avoid the use of temporary tables.

Layouts, Contexts, Processes

  1. Templates should contain an IF statement.
  2. Don't reset input parameter values.
  3. Avoid the use of cursors.
  4. Avoid the use of explicit transactions (begin tran).
  5. Don't do inserts, updates or deletes on tables.
  6. Avoid the use of temporary tables.
  7. Don't send messages (using tsf_send_message or raiserror).

Tasks and Subroutines (stored procedures)

  1. Avoid the use of cursors.
  2. Always use explicit transactions (begin tran, commit tran, rollback tran).
  3. When using cursors, every iteration should be a new transaction.

Subroutines (functions)

  1. Avoid the use of cursors.
  2. Avoid the use of explicit transactions (begin tran).
  3. Don't do inserts, updates or deletes on tables.
  4. Don't send messages (using tsf_send_message or raiserror).

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